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Discoveries and Technologies Inspired by Animal Abilities
Although it seems quite impossible at a first glance, people in the future will walk just like insects and jellyfish will read the barcode. The swimmers will wear the costumes modeled on shark skin, and planes will mimic birds. It is going to be the era of useful technology tools developed on the models taken from living nature.

Regardless of the position, walking on the ceiling, a tree or a leaf, insects easily defy gravity and they don’t care whether they move through the rough, smooth, wet or dry surfaces. Insects have inspired researchers at the University of Kiel to invent the duct tape that can withstand the weight of a grown man. Since there is no glue, even after thousand removals it does not lose its adhesive properties.

Using genetic engineering, scientists have created artificial equivalents of millions of tiny hairs that insects have on their tiny legs. Because there are so many of them, insects easily grip and have an "intimate" contact with any surface, and the invented duct tapes are effective and even under the water, and leave no sticky trail. Tapes will not be expensive, and it will be commonly used in everyday life, robotics, and for building spaceships.

The synergy of technology and nature, which no longer play in opposite teams, is the new trend among scholars, and a new discipline, biomimicry, or bioinspiration uses nanotechnology to mimic efficient and sustainable solutions from nature. Therefore, the engineers at the University of York in England, mimicking the horns of a deer in the fight, have made the material that is both extremely rigid and very sturdy, and will in the future be used to make durable materials. Indian snail shell is also extremely durable, and there are already uniforms for soldiers and armored vehicles made using that principle.

Medusa Gives Laser Light

Protein that mimics the light was first discovered in 1961 in the luminous jellyfish, and scientists can now get laser light from living cells, which is highly effective for all forms of light therapy in medicine. Imitation of laser light could improve microscopes, and scanners at the box office or DVD players.

Bionic Car Mimics Goldfish

Mercedes engineers have made a concept car that mimics the form of tropical fish. Due to its advanced aerodynamics the car consumes 20 percent less fuel, and spends three liters to go 100 km.

Nice and Clean in a Dirty Pond

The lotus flower manages to live in dirty water and to nothing lose from its purity. It floats on the water regardless of the heavy rain that cannot soak it. Its leaf is covered with tiny protrusions that make the water to gather in droplets and on that way. The lotus effect has the potential to be applied to all types of cleaning, from shoes to cars.

Windmills Are Working 20 Percent Better Because of Whales

Another interesting application of biomimicry, or imitation of nature was successfully completed when the scientists investigated the behavior of humpback whales.

These huge animals are known for their songs which they spread through the depths of the ocean, but also smooth and agile behavior which allows them to easily move their heavier than 35 tons body. The secret is in the shape of their humpbacks and fin folds that up to 30 percent better utilize power stroke. This knowledge engineers have used to make highly efficient hydraulic turbines, windmills, irrigation pumps, huge fans and propellers. Drawing on the experience of humpback whales, newly designed turbines produce twenty percent more renewable energy.

Cold Air Under The African Sun

Millions of termites fried in the hotness under the African sun, in termite mounds have made cooling system with corridors and chimneys. For the architects in Zimbabwe, it was the inspiration to make a building designed to always maintain the ideal temperature naturally.

Swimsuit Modeled on Shark

The Olympic pool each thousandth of a second counts, and sporty swimsuit inspired by a shark makes a decisive advantage to competitors.

Airplane With Wings Modeled on Birds Is Flying Easier

Mimicking birds and fish, scientists from Penn State University in the United States invented the special airplane with wings that can change shape and position depending on the speed and duration of flight. Similarly like the wings of birds, artificial wings save energy and fuel significantly, and enable faster flight.
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Dear Sale0303,

I had gone through your article, really interesting and inspiring !
Thank you so much.

Biologically inspired engineering:

There are great and interesting examples of biomimicry, which are applied in science. These are nothing but best example of biologically inspired "engineering". Through multidisciplinary collaboration between chemists, biologists, bioengineers, material scientists and nanotechnology many developments has been done in this field.

Today scientist had successfully created several nano devices components like nanowires, quantum dots, nanotubes using viral capsids as inspiration. Viruses are 20-300nm in size with outer layer remarkably robust and resistant to extreme temperature as high as 60 °C. They also stay stable in pH ranging from 2-10. The tubular virus particles like TMV are being used as template to develop nanofibers and nanotubes. Also the viral cage structure inspired researcher to produce uniform shape and size quantum dot semiconductor nanoparticles. Such developments have been used as an alternative to apoferritin cage technique which is used for synthesis of CdSe nanoparticles. These materials are used for targeting drug delivery.
Another example is Structural coloration of Morpo butterfly leading to vibrant blue color. This has helped many companies to develop various displays with low power consumption. The bases of which is Butterfly color!
Bombardier beetle example: This beetle’s helped to develop powerful repellent spray which is further developed into a micro mist technology. What they learn from this beetle is that to properly mix chemicals and release them via a steerable nozzle which is at the end of abdomen of beetle.
From where we learn is nature. For what, we learn is applied for well being of mankind and nature.
Let us further develop this unique ability of human’s brain to observe things in a new way and to apply it for development.
Who knows, tomorrow nature may teach us new methods and ways to resolve burning issues of science may be by using a simple butterfly ,microscopic viruses or bees that lives in a social way or by something new, yet un-observed !
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