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What is Bioremediation Process and its Types
Today microorganisms are greatly contributing in saving planet earth. They use their combination of enzymes and clean the pollutants. The combine use of these enzymes along with detergents is used in cleaning of clothes, debris, organic and inorganic wastes.

In nature, natural scavengers are already presents which help in decomposing the dead bodies, plants wastages, pollutants in to simple form so that these can be further utilized by other animals to continue the natural cycles and thus maintain the ecological balance. Now various chemicals, petrochemicals, heavy metal waste, pesticides, etc. are contaminating with the clean environments which are not degraded by the microbes or natural scavengers which causes threat to the environment and our planet earth.

With modern technology like Genetic Engineering, Biotechnology can solve this problem. The process utilizes genetically engineered microbes, enzymes and plants which are used to clean any pollutants or solve any environmental problem. This is called Bioremediation. Pollutants or waste which is not recycled easily are destroyed by incineration or landfills but still this is not 100% recycle process and problem remains the same. But, today due to the development of technology and genetic engineering, bioremediation are done which are capable of degrading highly toxic and in-organic materials. These are not only eco-friendly but also cost effective and gives the desire effect with very low or no side effect.
Advantages of Bioremediations are many more and still getting discover- like it is now used very successfully in excavation, in petrochemicals, in agriculture, in converting barren land in fertilized land. Some examples/types of Bioremediations are bioventing, land farming, bioreactor, Biostimulation, industrial waste management’s and water treatment etc.

Recently in September 2012, in Colorado, slew of microorganism were unearthed through process of meta-genomic sequencing and had shown successful bioremediation of uranium contaminated sites. Further research is going on to develop this process which is not only helping in all cases of pollutants, but also new techniques are further directly restoring our planet and helping us to live and survive in more eco-friendly environment !
Is this Bioremediation process helps in controlling environmental pollution? How will this going to work ?
The population explosion in the world has resulted in an increase in the area of polluted soil and water. As the number of people continues increasing day by day it also brings with it a growing pressure on air, water and land resources. In order to cater to the demands of the people, the rapid expansion of industries, food, health care, vehicles, etc. is necessary. But it is very difficult to maintain the quality of life with all these new developments, which are unfavorable to the environment in which we live, if proper management is not applied. In nature there are various fungi, bacteria and microorganisms that are constantly at work to break down organic compounds but the question arises when pollution occurs, who will do this clean up job? Since the quality of life is inextricably linked to the overall quality of the environment, global attention has been focused on ways to sustain and preserve the environment. This endeavor is possible by involving biotechnology.

Role of Environmental Biotechnology in Pollution Management

Biotechnology can be used to assess the well being of ecosystems, transform pollutants into benign substances, generate biodegradable materials from renewable sources, and develop environmentally safe manufacturing and disposal processes. Environmental biotechnology employs the application of genetic engineering to improve the efficiency and cost, which are key factors in the future widespread exploitation of microorganisms to reduce the environmental burden of toxic substances. In view of the urgent need of an efficient environmental biotechnological process, researchers have devised a technique called bioremediation, which is an emerging approach to rehabilitating areas fouled by pollutants or otherwise damaged through
ecosystem mismanagement.
Bioremediation is the process that breaks down hazardous substance into less toxic substance by using naturally occurring micro organism like yeast,fungi or bacteria.Bacteria play important role in cleaning environment.These bacteria present in such places where toxins are abundant and they cannot be removed with any other method.Bacteria is used to remove harmful substance from river and sea.

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