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Diabetes: Symptoms, Treatment and Latest Research
#5
Samsung has recently announced its partnership with Medtronic for developing diabetes management devices/tools/softwares. In this partnership, Samsung's first objective is to develop android app for the MiniMed Connect system device developed by Medtronic. Currently operated using Apple OS, the device controls a insulin pump and sensor, which manages the required amount of insulin in the body. Alarms can be preset for Glucose level alerts, the alerts are sent to all family members (if alarm at patient's end is switched off).

Here is an overview of the device taken from medtronicdiabetes.com. Apps and browser based control/management is targeted for this system.

   
Sunil Nagpal
MS(Research) Scholar, IIT Delhi (Alumnus)
Advisor for the Biotech Students portal (BiotechStudents.com)
Computational Researcher in BioSciences at a leading MNC


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#6
Information 
A preventive and curative vaccine for type-1 diabetes has been claimed by a team of Spanish scientists. The team belonging to Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (Spain) has used the very familiar "Liposomes" for imitating the apoptotic beta-cells of pancreas, thereby preventing the self-destruction of the beta-cells by the body.

Earlier, the dendritic cells (immune cells) of the subjects used to be extracted and subsequently manipulated and re-injected into the subjects to avoid the destruction of the insulin-producing pancreatic cells (beta cells) in the body. 

The Liposome mediated prevention of type-1 diabetes has been currently tested on mice and is all-set to be tested in Humans through clinical trials.

Following figure gives an idea of the findings in nutshell (taken from the publicly available paper at PLOS ONE):
   
Cumulative incidence (percentage) of T1D in NOD mice treated with PSAB-liposomes (PSAB-lipo, circles, n = 12), PS-liposomes (PS-lipo, squares, n = 18), and sham group (triangles, n = 26). Significant differences were found when compared group treated with PSAB-liposomes versus sham group (*p≤0.05, Kaplan-Meier log-rank analysis).

Full paper on this research may be referred to in PLOS ONE.
Link to paper: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article...ne.0127057
Sunil Nagpal
MS(Research) Scholar, IIT Delhi (Alumnus)
Advisor for the Biotech Students portal (BiotechStudents.com)
Computational Researcher in BioSciences at a leading MNC


Suggested Reads:
Top Biotech Companies | Top places to work
Indian Biotech Companies and Job Openings
Aiming a PhD in Top Grad School? | These are the Important Points to Consider
Careers in Biotechnology | A list of various Options
Biotechnology Competitive Exams in India
#7
Need answers please:

1) Can high caloric diet induce diabetes in a non diabetic person?

2) If a diabetic person stops taking added sugar in form of Sweets, Soda or Sweet Juices, will his sugar get controlled for sure?

3) What is the root cause of Diabetes in Children?
#8
High Sugar Intake Leads to Diabetes?
Your first question is actually a very common misconception amongst people. A high caloric diet is not a trigger to diabetes in a non-diabetic person. There are actually two types of diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2), whereas type-1 diabetes is more related to genetic factors, type-2 is influenced by lifestyle (as well). Now, as per established researches, Obese people are more prone to type-2 diabetes, so on those lines one 'can' speculate that a high caloric diet may slowly lead to obesity and eventually "type-2" diabetes. But, a high caloric diet can't lead to type-1 or type-2 diabetes (definitely never type-1) instantly/in short duration.

Control over Sugar Intake can cure a diabetic?
Whereas diet control does help in controlling the blood sugar levels, "one should not STOP" taking calories! It's very common for diabetic people to get "Hypoglycemia shock" due to in-adequate sugar intake. But yes, excess sugars if controlled do help a diabetic person, but they still need insulin (if not insulin resistant diabetes) to manage the blood sugar. Diet control coupled with exercise is best way to curtail Type-2 diabetes.

Diabetes in Children
Diabetes in Children is solely a result of "genetic factors". It's Type-1 diabetes, so it's genetic!
  

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