Essence of Bionomics:
In simplest terms, Bionomics refers to the study of a living organism and its relation with its environment.
Bionomics aims at recognizing the traits of the organism concerned and conditions of the environment it thrives in, that act as the proximate causes of its various activities in its niche.
Etymology of Bionomics (origin of the word: Bionomics)
In the modern context, whereas some experts represent Bionomics as a confluence of two greatly different fields: "Biology" and "Economics", coming together to study the economics of life of an organism in its preferred environment, the true and legitimate origin of Bionomics is from the French and Greek words: Bionomique (french word, pertaining to ecology) and Bionomie (Greek word, meaning Ecology).
Significance of Bionomics
Bionomics in its true sense holds significance in studying almost every living organism and its relation with environment (including plants , marine life, life in space etc), but, Bionomics as a field became more popular in the context of studying 'parasitic / vector borne diseases' (especially those pertaining to pests/ insects). Following are the key focal points of Bionomics in context of vector borne diseases:
1. Establishing the relation between disease epidemiology and the ecological status of its vector.
2. Using this relationship in controlling the progression/ spread of the vector.
The aforesaid relation is determined by thoroughly studying the following:
a). Life Cycle of the vector
b). Optimal living conditions for various stages of life of vector (i.e what promotes or disrupts the growth or reproduction of the vector).
c). Feeding patterns and periods of activity (nocturnal or diurnal).
d). Information on characteristics of specific larval habitats
e). Study of ecological diversity of the vector species coupled with their behavioural plasticity.
f). Interaction patterns of vector with other organisms (and the causes of those interactions).
- Developing Global Maps of the Dominant Anopheles Vectors of Human Malaria Hay et al., 2010
- Vector bionomics in the epidemiology and control of malaria. Part I. Zahar AR, 1984
- Bionomics, taxonomy, and distribution of the major malaria vector taxa of Anopheles subgenus Cellia in Southeast Asia: an updated review. Manguin et al., 2008
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