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Advantages and Disadvantages of Therapeutic Cloning
Therapeutic cloning is the procedure of genetics in which cells from the skin of the patient and are inserted into the fertilized egg, the nucleus of which has already been removed. The resulting cell is allowed to divide repeatedly so that a blastocyst is formed. Stem cells are then extracted from this blastocyst and can be used for various purposes like growing tissues that match the patient’s own genetic makeup. Many diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease can be treated with therapeutic cloning.

Method of Therapeutic Cloning:-
Method of therapeutic cloning is used to treat the patient’s tissues and organs which have got damaged due to some disease or any other disorder. In this method patient’s own skin cells are used so that the immune system can easily accept the newly developed tissues or organs. There is a particular method through which therapeutic cloning is done.

1) First the DNA of the woman’s ovum is removed which is the basic of human life.

2) Take the DNA of the desired cell like skin cell and insert it into the ovum of the woman.

3) To insert the foreign DNA into the ovum, an electric shock is given so that embryo starts to develop. Due to the shock, a pre-embryo will produce.

4) The cells of the pre-embryo keep developing until they start producing stem cells.

5) When the stem cells are produced, they are taken out of the embryo which results in the death of the embryo.

6) Stem cells are allowed to grow in a specific culture where they will produce desired tissues and organs. Stem cells have the ability to develop into various forms of tissues and organs.

7) The developed tissues or organs can be transferred into the patient who suffers from the diseases like diabetes or Alzheimer’s.

Benefits of Therapeutic Cloning:-
Therapeutic cloning is helpful in creating the replacement organs. Patients who are suffering from kidney disorders or other disorders like this. It is beneficial in giving people more years to enjoy their life. When the patients own body cells are used in therapeutic cloning, then the fear of organ or tissue rejection by immune system vanishes and doctors can easily replace the organs. In some countries where this technique has not yet been applied, patients wait for the required organ for many days and in this period their life also come in danger, if therapeutic cloning is applied, the watt for the right organ will come to a stop and patients will easily get the required organ.

As there is a custom that a person donates his own organ for the needy patient, but now patient will be able to get a brand new organ just because of therapeutic cloning? It may be helpful in curing the disease which is difficult to cure by other means.

Disadvantages of therapeutic cloning:-
Though therapeutic cloning is a promising technique for the organ transplantation but it is not applicable in adult stem cells. As the embryo develops into a complete human being so when the stem cells are taken from the embryo and it dies as a result, people consider it a murder. Therapeutic cloning may develop tumors or other diseases in the body. The most important concern of therapeutic cloning is where to get the egg from. In my view no woman will be willing to donate her egg.
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Advantages: A increased supply of replacement organs and tissue for human recipients in case of illness or injury. Less dependence on blood anti-rejection preventives drugs, thus leading to fully compatible organs without complications.

Disadvantages: Enraging almost all religious communities for "playing God," dealing with civil/human rights issues stemming from creating life only to use it, dealing with the hundreds of failed embryos that it usually takes to get one viable clone, the deterioration of genetic material in the clone which leads to health problems and faster than normal aging.

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Basically therapeutic cloning is used for replacement organs.
The disadvantage is its side effects and this is something playing with nature.
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For transplanting organs it would be a great technique but it has been put to question by many religious scholars and we can't deny the side effects as well.
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cloning is done for beneficial effects and healthy organs, disadvantages could depends on the environmental and bodily changes.
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With the development of scientific applications, there are few side effects which are immerging. Few may be significant and few are negligible effects. Therefore for any technology or technique to be successful, there must be more number of advantages as compared to its disadvantages. Therapeutic cloning techniques have both advantages as well as disadvantages. But when we reduce the quality and number of its harmful effect, the technology improves. Apart from other uses as mentioned in the forum, today therapeutic cloning is also being used for development of milk such that it not only provides essential nutrients but also is useful in treatment of number of diseases. One of such research in New Zealand has genetically engineered cows to produce milk that can treat a number of human diseases while providing complete nutrition. Such products are excellent source of recovery for any patient who had undergone some treatment or who needs to cure specific disease. Such process of therapeutic cloning which is used to produce pharmaceutical effects by altering the genetics of animals is known as “biopharming”
Crown Research Institute AgResearch had successfully transferred such concept from mice to cow wherein the composition of milk is changed for its quality improvement as well as for its pharmaceutical uses. Such technology is being developed but is strictly under regulatory controls before their application for humans and animals. One such other example is development of grass to have more percentage of leaf mass. It is almost 25-30 % more than their wild variety. This had helped for more protein supply for livestock and had also improved drought resistant condition of the plant. Such trials are being started in other countries also. Therefore when the advantages are more and the side effects are reduced, the technology can bring revolutions and therapeutic cloning is moving in the same way!
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One of the key benefits of therapeutic cloning is its accessibility since the only need would be the sufferers own cell. Patients who need Body implant operations quickly would not have to delay for a body organ contributor, they can just develop one as needed. One of the drawbacks for Healing Cloning is the restriction of mature tissues. Techniques that use Adult Cells usually damaged in the process and Embryonic Cells have been found to be more versatile.
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he ensuing fertilized ovum has a homogenous set of forty six chromosomes, and is so a a dead ringer for the one who given the somatic cell. the sole genetic distinction lies in a very tiny amount of mitochondrial ribonucleic acid, that is transmissible from the mother (in this case, transmissible from the egg). So, precisely, the clone isn't a definite copy of the donor. however the developing fertilized ovum is even so a clone.
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There is the simple thought if anything have some advantages then its sure that also have some disadvantages as well..
So close and infomatical information you have about the Therapeutic Cloning..
Appreciate your knowledge about the Therapeutic Cloning..
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Hey Guys my name is Mark.Well i think that the objective of therapeutic cloning is not to make cloned humans but rather to collect control tissues that can be used to research individual growth and to cure illness.Thanks!!
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