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Biggest biofuel plants in the world
#1
Renewable sources are the future of the energy production since conventional sources are limited. Power of the wind and water or geothermal and solar energy…are just few examples of the alternative sources of energy. Biofuel is relatively new type of liquid or gaseous energy, derived from biological conversion of carbohydrates. Biofuels are gaining popularity as they are more eco-friendly and cheaper than conventional fuels. Most popular plants used in biofuel production include sugar cane, sugar beet, oil palm, soybeans, wheat, and the desert-grown. Ecological crisis and high price of oil are increasing the number of farms that are producing biomass for fuel production.

Bioethanol is produced by fermentation of the carbohydrates from corn and sugarcane. Cellulosic biomass can be used in bioethanol production also. It’s mostly used in USA and Brazil as a vehicle fuel (in its pure form) or to improve vehicle emission (as gasoline additive).

Biodiesel is the most common biofuel in Europe and it’s produced in the process of transesterification of the animal fats and vegetable oils. It can be used as vehicle fuel or as additive that could reduce level of carbon-monoxide and hydrocarbons in the diesel-powered vehicles.
In 2010, biofuel production reached 105 billion liters on the global scale, contributing to the fuels used in transportation by 2.7%. USA and Brazil are responsible for 90% of total world bioethanol production. Biggest manufacturer of biodiesel in the world is European Union (55% of all globally produced biodiesel in 2010). It’s estimated that biofuels have potential to reach 25% of world demand for transportation fuels.

Here are some of the world’s most popular biofuel plants that are currently operating or that are planned for the future:

1. Dynoil LLC is developing a biodiesel production company near Houston, Texas. Opening date is not determined yet. Goal of this plant is to produce 100,000 barrels of vegetable oil on a daily basis and 5.5 billion liters of biodiesel annually.

2. Dominion Energy Services, LLC started its business in 2006 and today this facility is producing 54 million liters of bioethanol annually. Plans for the future are big: millions of gallons of ethanol and biodiesel derived from canola, wheat and corn.

3. Brazil EcoEnergia could become one of the largest biodiesel plants in the world. Soybean oil is used in biodiesel production and goal is to produce 220.5 million gallons of biofuel a year.

4. Energen Development Limited (EDL) is using sweet sorghum for bioethanol production. Plant extracted juices are fermented to bioethanol. With 40 000 acres in cultivation, 300 million gallons of biofuel could be produced annually.

5. Agri-Source Fuels plant in Dade City, Florida. This facility produces 12 million gallons of B100 biodiesel per year and refines the crude glycerin byproduct to USP grade. It has potential to expand production up to 60 million gallons of B100 per year if public demand for biodiesel increases.

6. Imperium Renewables plant is located in Grays Harbor, Washington. Raw product for biodiesel production is oil derived from canola and soy grown in USA and Canada. This plant can produce up to 100 million gallons annually.

7. Louis Dreyfus plant is located near Claypool in Indiana. It uses soybean for biodiesel product resulting in 250,000 gallons of biofuel per day and over 80 million gallons annually.

8. Greenline Industries is located in Larkspur, CA. Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oil and animal fats. Current capacities of the plant are 1,400-120,000 gallons per day.

9. North Prairie Productions is biodiesel plant located in Evansville, Wisconsin. Soybean is starting point in biodiesel production. Current capacities: 45 million gallons of produced fuel annually.

10. Cargill plant in Iowa Falls, Iowa is current producing 37.5 million gallons of biodiesel per year. Cargill is an international producer and marketer of food and agricultural products. Company is planning to modernize and expand their soybean crashing facility to increase production capacities and ensure profit of ~ 60 million dollars a year.

Besides being eco-friendly and cheaper than conventional source of energy, biofuels have couple of negative aspects. Turning eatable crops into fuels when there are so many hungry people in the world is probably the biggest issue in biofuel production today. Biofuels still need to overcome some manufacturing obstacles, but with new fuel sources and improved techniques, it will definitely become more available in everyday life.
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#2
Change is one of the rules of nature. Whatever today exists is because of changes that occurred in past.
Nature quickly adjusts to changes. But the thing which man had prepared by artificial means had somehow impacted the balance of nature either directly or indirectly. With the development of industrial world, pollution increased and had affectedly the natural balance, may be up to some extent. This called further utilization of natural resources to balance it and thus resulted in decrease of non-renewable resources.
Today with the modernisation in science and biotechnology, we had understood the need of developing such plans which will completely eradiate these problems from nature. One such way is to come back to nature again, that is by utilization of natural resources (Air, Wind, Solar,Water, etc)for the development of required energy and power. Today many such natural things like Air Wind, Solar Energy, and Water Energy etc are used to develop the required energy.
Wind turbines are one of the best example of it and is used worldwide to generate electricity. This method not only produces energy but also had been eco-friendly. The wind energy is used to rotate the big turbines and this is further producing electricity which can be used for house appliances as well as for providing power to many industries.
Another application is production of bio-fuel which is done by use of waste (as raw material) or by use of oil from plants (or xerophytes) like Jatropha carcus. This oil is converted into bio-diesel. This bio diesel is saving the natural resources as well as is eco-friendly. The pollution due to combustion of this biodiesel is many a time less than that emitted by diesel and petrol’s.
Today biotechnology is used as a tool in developing systems which not only produces required quantity and quality of natural energy but also supports nature in ecological balancing!
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